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Guide to Prince William County Virginia ancestry, family history, and genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


Prince William County, Virginia Courthouse

 

Prince William County Courthouse
9311 Lee Avenue
Manassas, Virginia 22110
Phone: 703-792-6015

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1856
divorce and court records from 1823, probate records
from 1734 and land records from 1731[1]

Prince William County, Virginia History

The county is named after Prince William, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765), a son of King George II of Great Britain.

Parent County

1727--Prince William County was created 1 February 1727 from King George and Stafford Counties.
County seat: Manassas [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

1863. Many courthouse records were destroyed during the American Civil War. Sixteen volumes of pre-1861 deeds, and five volumes of pre-1861 wills are missing.[3]

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Prince William County, Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Prince William County, Virginia Genealogy Resources

Getting Started

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see Prince William County, Virginia Genealogy.

If you are researching families who lived in Prince William County, Virginia between the 1740s and 1790s, the Sparacios' book indexes are a great time saver. Surname index of Antient Press publications

Research Guides

  • "Letter from Phil D. Dawe - Prince William County records moved during War of 1812". Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner.
  • "Prince William County Genealogy," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 2, No. 10 (Apr. 1984). FHL Collection
  • "Prince William County Genealogy: A Guide to Sources," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 7, No. 8 (Feb. 1989):34-35. FHL Collection
  • Wilson, Donald L. "Prince William County Genealogy," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Mar.-Apr. 1984):1. FHL Collection; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.
  • Wilson, Donald L. "Prince William County Manuscripts at the University of Virginia," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 5, No. 5 (Nov. 1986):9; Vol. 5, No. 6 (Dec. 1986):7. FHL Collection
  • Wilson, Donald L. "RELIC: A Gateway to Virginia Genealogy and History," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 28, No. 5 (Oct. 2001):1-3. FHL Collection; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.

African American

Ronald Ray Turner has abstracted a variety of records pertaining to slavery in this county on his website, Prince William County Virginia. Some examples of documents at that site:

  • "Miscellaneous Prince William County Court Records Pertaining to Slavery 1808-1825"
  • "Miscellaneous Prince William County Court Records Pertaining to Slavery 1825-1840"
  • "Miscellaneous Prince William County Court Records Pertaining to Slavery 1840-1860"

Additional African American resources include:

  • Farmer, Darlene V. "African American Genealogical Research," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 10, No. 8 (Feb. 1992):59; Vol. 10, No. 9 (Mar. 1992):66-67. FHL Collection [Discusses African American research in general, but not specific Prince William County sources.]
  • African American Heritage Map by Eugene Scheel, available online at RELIC.
  • Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. Some examples of documents available on this website:
    • "Prince William County Virginia African American Marriages 1854-1938"
    • "Prince William County African American Marriages From Sources Outside the County"

Auctions

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

Cemeteries

  • Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. Website contains many documents about the county's cemeteries. Some examples are:
    • "Prince William County Burial Index 1800-2001 part one A-K"
    • "Prince William County Burial Index 1800-2001 part two L-Z"

Other cemetery records include:

  • "Bell Family Tombstone Found in Manassas," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 10, No. 9 (Mar. 1992):70. FHL Collection
  • "Confederate Burials in the Small Confederate Cemetery Located on the Manassas Battlefield, Prince William County," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 8, No. 10 (Apr. 1990):77-78. FHL Collection
  • "Keys Family Cemetery," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Oct. 1983). FHL Collection
  • "Nash Family Cemetery," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 9, No. 6 (Dec. 1990):46. FHL Collection
  • Wilson, Donald L. "The Cemeteries of Prince William County," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 10, No. 11 (May 1992):84-85; Vol. 10, No. 12 (Jun. 1992):94-95; Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jul. 1992):6-7. FHL Collection

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790
1800
1810
1820
1830
1840
1850
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900 11,112
1910 12,026 8.2%
1920 13,660 13.6%
1930 13,951 2.1%
1940 17,738 27.1%
1950 22,612 27.5%
1960 50,164 121.8%
1970 111,102 121.5%
1980 144,636 30.2%
1990 215,686 49.1%
2000 280,813 30.2%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1790 - Lost.

1800 - Lost.

1810

1820

1830

1840

  • "1840 Census Annotated." Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. Turner attempts to identify individuals recorded statistically by age and gender.

1850

1860

  • "1860 Census Annotated." Prince William County Virginia, by David Anderson Turner. Adds many biographical details to the bare skeleton of this census.

1870

1880

1890 Union Veterans

  • Mays, Judith. "Union Veterans of the Civil War Living in Prince William County in 1890," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jul. 1989):6-7; Vol. 8, No. 2 (Aug. 1989):12-15; Vol. 8, No. 5 (Nov. 1989):39. FHL Collection
  • "Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890" Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. Includes residents of this county.
  • FHL Collection

1900

1910

1920

1930

Church Records

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Occoquan (1776).[4] Original church records (1794-1842) are held at the Virginia Historical Society and have been digitized by FamilySearch - free. Membership lists from the 1790s were published in Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. 1997). FHL Book 975.52 D25n v. 2 (1997).

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Prince William County fell within the bounds of the Ketocton Association.

A Baptist petition dated 1776 was published in Seattle Genealogical Society Bulletin, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Mar. 1973). FHL Book 979.777 B2b v. 22 (1972-1973).

Church of England

See also Dettingen Parish
See also Hamilton Parish
See also Leeds Parish
See also Truro Parish

Presbyterian

For a photograph of this church, see Ron Turner's Prince William County Virginia website.

  • "The First 93 Members of the Manassas Presbyterian Church, Manassas, Virginia," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 1, No. 9 (Jan. 1983). FHL Collection
  • "Roll of Members of the Manassas Presbyterian Church from the Date of Its Organization July 7th, 1867," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 1, No. 10 (Feb. 1983); Vol. 1, No. 11 (Mar. 1983); Vol. 1, No. 12 (Apr. 1983); Vol. 1, No. 13 (May 1983); Vol. 1, No. 14 (Jun. 1983). FHL Collection

Court

General

  • Lounsbury, Carl R. "'An Elegant and Commodious Building': William Buckland and the Design of the Prince William County Courthouse," The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Sep. 1987):228-240. Available at JSTOR.

Bonds

  • "Prince William County Virginia Bond Book 1732-1847" Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. It was necessary to post bonds to legalize many types of legal documents, including land and probate records.

British Claims

  • "British Mercantile Claims, 1775-1803 Indexed from The Virginia Genealogist, Vols. 8, 9, 14, 15, 20, 21, 23 and 24," available online at RELIC. RELIC's index serves as a very helpful guide to this serialized article. These issues of The Virginia Genealogist are accessible online through American Ancestors ($).
  • "Prince William County Virginia Mixed Commission on British and American Claims: Thomas Pringle vs United States & Arthur C. & Frances Evans vs United States" (1860s-1870s). Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner.

Chancery Court

  • Indexed images of Prince William County, Virginia Chancery Records 1804-1951 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Civil and Criminal Cases

County Court

  • Durst, Mariona. "Early Prince William Court Order Books," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Jul. 1987):7. FHL Collection [In this article, Mariona Durst, Prince William County Archivist, identifies which court order books survive and which have been lost.]
  • "Old Prince William Document Found in Kentucky," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 9, No. 9 (Mar. 1991):69. FHL Collection [Dated 1760, surnames: Roland, Gibson, and Graham.]
  • "Prince William County, Virginia, Order Book 1759-1761," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1975):214-226; Vol. 19, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1975):291-308; Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1976):35-44; Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1976):133-144; Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1976):188-198; Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):280-288; Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1977):59-66; Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1977):129-140; Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):207-216; Vol. 21, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1977):293-306; Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1978):58-64; Vol. 22, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1978):137-142; Vol. 22, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1978):221-226; Vol. 22, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1978):304-311; Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1979):47-54; Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):130-138; Vol. 23, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1979):201-216; Vol. 23, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1979):292-304; Vol. 24, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1980):31-40; Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):99-109. Available at American Ancestors ($).
  • Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. Some examples of documents on this website:
    • "Prince William County Court Docket for Commonwealth's Causes" (1833-1869)
    • "Prince William County Court Minutes, 1833-1838"
    • "Prince William County Court Minutes, 1843-1848"
    • "Prince William County Court Minutes, 1890-1891"

Dumfries District Court and Superior Court of Law

  • Dumfries District Court Order Books, 1793-1817. Original records, Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Va.; microfilm: FHL Collection [Dumfries District Court encompassed Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]

Loose Papers

  • Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. Some examples of documents on this website:
    • "Prince William County Index to Miscellaneous Clerk's Loose Papers 1710-1968"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume I: Selected Transcripts 1741-1826"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume II: Selected Transcripts 1808-1860 Deeds and Slave Records"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume III: Selected Transcripts 1804-1899 Indictments, Juries, and Trials"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume IV: Selected Transcripts 1811-1899 Miscellaneous Records"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume V: Selected Transcripts 1900-1938"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume VI: Selected Transcripts 1850-185 Executions"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume VII: Selected Transcripts 1833-1938"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume VIII: Selected Transcripts 1897-1915"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume IX: Selected Transcripts 1802-1920" Note: Document name may be mislabeled.
    • "Prince William County Virginia Clerk's Loose Papers, Volume X: Selected Transcripts 1840-1849"

Public Accounts

Superior Court of Chancery

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Prince William County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilm: FHL Collection [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

DNA

DNA has been collected for purported descendants of the following Prince William County, Virginia residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.

  • [Harrison] Descendant of Burr Harrison, b. 1637 St. Margaret's Parish, Westminster, Middlesex, England, d. 1697 Westmoreland County, Virginia. Y-DNA 37 Marker Test, FTDNA (labelled H-63, Lineage 22). Genetic signature available online, courtesy: The Harrison DNA Project, World Families Network. [Ancestor of many Harrison families of Northern Neck and neighboring counties, including: Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, and Stafford.]

Genealogy

More than 225 genealogies have been published about Prince William County families. To view a list, visit Prince William County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.

  • Lion, Florence S. "White House, Brentsville, Virginia," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 10, No. 7 (Jan. 1992):51-52. FHL Collection [Includes a discussion of the owners, the Williams family.]

RELIC offers several online databases about historic sites in Prince William County:

  • Historic Sites Documentation Index
  • Historic Sites Records Index
  • Historic Sites Records Report
  • Historic Sites Records Title & Source Notes

Prince William County Virginia, website by Ronald Ray Turner contains information about the county's historic residences, sites and structures.

Immigration

Dumfries was an important port in the colonial period. Only a few official passenger lists survive for the eighteenth century.

  • Cantwell, John A. "Imported Indentured White Servitude in Fairfax and Prince William Counties, 1750-1800," unpub. M.A. Thesis, George Mason University, 1986.
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Prince William County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • Harrison, Fairfax. "When the Convicts Came: A Chapter from 'Land Marks of Old Prince William,'" The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 30, No. 3 (Jul. 1922):250-260. Available at JSTOR.
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Prince Edward, Prince George, and Prince William Counties, Virginia (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.
  • Stickel, Iris Robey. "Eighteenth Century Passenger Lists Found in Prince William County Records," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 4, No. 4-6 (Oct.-Dec. 1985):6-13. FHL Collection 975.52732 D25n v. 4-6 (1985-1988). [Source of data: Prince William County, Va., manuscripts in the Huntington Library [Loose Papers], Reference: Microfilm VA 975.527 Pri., Huntington Library, San Marino, California.]

Insurance

  • Wilson, Donald L. "Prince William County Fire Insurance Policies, 1796-1846," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 4, No. 8 (Feb. 1986):3-5; Vol. 5, No. 4 (Oct. 1986):5-8; Vol. 5, No. 9 (Mar. 1987):6-8; Vol. 7, No. 9 (Mar. 1989):41. FHL Collection

Land and Property

Deeds

Many of Prince William County's early deed books have been lost, as described in this article:

  • Wilson, Donald L. "Prince William County's Missing Land Records," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 4, No. 4-6 (Oct.-Dec. 1985):3-5. FHL Collection [Identifies which deed books have been lost; includes index references to some lost deeds from Deed Books A and C.]

One early deed has been found in private hands:

  • Wilson, Donald L. "Early Prince William County Deed Found," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Jul. 1987):6-7. FHL Collection

A manuscript index to several of the lost deed books, created in 1827, provides some relief to genealogists searching for ancestors during this time period. Donald Wilson and Judith Mays published these indexes in The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical SocietyFHL Collection:

  • 1741-1743 - Wilson, Donald L. "An Index to Lost Deed Book F, 1741-1743," Vol. 4, No. 12 (Jun. 1986):9. [Taken from a manuscript deed index for letters M through W, made in 1827.]
  • 1743-1744 - Mays, Judith A. "An Index to Lost Deed Book G, 1743-1744," Vol. 8, No. 11 (May 1990):85-86.
  • 1744-1745 - Mays, Judith A. "An Index to Lost Deed Book H, 1744-1745," Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jul. 1990):4-5.
  • 1746-1748 - Mays, Judith A. "An Index to Lost Deed Book K, 1746-1748," Vol. 9, No. 2 (Aug. 1990):12-13.
  • 1751-1754 - Mays, Judith A. "An Index to Lost Deed Book N, 1751-1754," Vol. 9, No. 3 (Sep. 1990):20-21.
  • 1754-1760 - Mays, Judith A. "An Index to Lost Deed Book O, 1754-1760," Vol. 9, No. 4 (Oct. 1990):28-29; Vol. 9, No. 5 (Nov. 1990):38-39.
  • 1771-1774 - Mays, Judith A. "An Index to Lost Deed Book S, 1771-1774," Vol. 9, No. 6 (Dec. 1990):47; Vol. 9, No. 7 (Jan. 1991):54-55.
  • 1791-1796 - Mays, Judith A. "An Index to Lost Deed Book Y, 1791-1796," Vol. 9, No. 8 (Feb. 1991):62-63; Vol. 9, No. 9 (Mar. 1991):70-71; Vol. 9, No. 10 (Apr. 1991):78-79.
  • 1813-1816 - Mays, Judith A. "An Index to Lost Deed Book 5, 1813-1816," Vol. 10, No. 2 (Aug. 1991):12-13; Vol. 10, No. 3 (Sep. 1991):22-23.
  • 1816-1818 - Mays, Judith A. "An Index to Lost Deed Book 6, 1816-1818," Vol. 10, No. 10 (Apr. 1992):78-79; Vol. 10, No. 11 (May 1992):86-87.

Grants and Patents

  • Cain. 662 patents dated 1657-1855 in what is now Prince William County, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper. 2007. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Davey. 253 patents dated 1651-1911 in what is now Fairfax, Fauquier, Northumberland, Prince William, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing, which is "Nova" in this instance); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Davey. 18 patents dated 1707-1760 covering neighborhoods in what is now Prince William County, Virginia. DeedMapper. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants 1694-1742. Vol. I. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1987. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry. [Includes Prince William County.]

Land Causes

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey, Sam Sparacio, and Dumfries, Va. District Court. Abstracts of Land Causes, Prince William County, Virginia. [1789-1793] 2 vols. McLean, Va.: Antient Press, 1992. FHL Collection
  • Wilson, Donald L. "Prince William County Land Causes," [1789-1793] The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Aug. 1984):5-7; Vol. 3, No. 7 (Jan. 1985):3-6; Vol. 3, No. 10 (Apr. 1985):6-7; Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. 1985):6-7; Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jul. 1985):4-6; Vol. 4, No. 2 (Aug. 1985):3-4; Vol. 4, No. 3 (Sep. 1985):5-7; Vol. 4, No. 7 (Jan. 1986):4-6; Vol. 4, No. 9 (Mar. 1986):3-4; Vol. 4, No. 10 (Apr. 1986):5-7; Vol. 4, No. 12 (Jun. 1986):5-7; Vol. 5, No. 1 (Jul. 1986):5-7; Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep. 1986):6-9; Vol. 5, No. 6 (Dec. 1986):5-6; Vol. 5, No. 10 (Apr. 1987):5-7. FHL Collection

Surveyor's Plat Book

  • Jeffries, Janice. "An Index to Prince William County Surveyor's Plat Book," [1789-1858] The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 1, No. 9 (Jan. 1983). FHL Collection

Local Histories

  • Berkley, Henry J. "The Port of Dumfries, Prince William Co., Va.," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr. 1924):99-116. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Ewell, Alice Maude. A Virginia Scene, or, Life in Old Prince William. Lynchburg, Virginia: J.P. Bell Co., 1931. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Prince William: The Story of its People and its Places. Richmond, Va.: Whittet & Shepperson, 1941. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Curtis, Donald E. and Prince William County Historical Commission. The Curtis Collection: A Personal View of Prince William County History. Prince William, Virginia: Prince William County Historical Commission, 1988. FHL Collection

Maps

  • African American Heritage Map by Eugene Scheel. Available through RELIC
  • Index to Historic Prince William County Map by Eugene M. Scheel (1992). The map can be purchased at Historic Prince William.
  • [1730s] "Old Prince William County," [Boundaries in 1730s showing some waterways] The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Aug. 1986):4. FHL Collection
  • [1759] 1759 Bertrand Ewell's Survey of the Fauquier-Prince William Boundary Line April 14, 1759. [Includes names of residents.] Available through RELIC.
  • [1834] 1834 Sperryville and Rappahannock Turnpike, Map 634, Parts 1 & 2, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia, available online. Margaret Binning created an index available through RELIC.
  • [1901] 1901 Prince William County by William H. Brown, available online, courtesy: American Memory, Library of Congress.
  • [1933] 1933 Highway Map with Grids available through RELIC.

Migration

When British merchants returned to collect unpaid accounts in Prince William County, Virginia after the Revolution, these records, which are now housed in The National Archives in Kew, England, were created. The merchants' records identify individuals who had accounts and reveal if the person had died in the interval (1770s-early 1800s) or migrated to another part of the country. Americans of all social levels were interested in purchasing British imported goods through debt financing, making these records a valuable genealogical source. RELIC has created an online index:

  • "British Mercantile Claims, 1775-1803 Indexed from The Virginia Genealogist, Vols. 8, 9, 14, 15, 20, 21, 23 and 24," available online at RELIC. This index serves as a very useful guide to help researchers find the original abstracts in The Virginia Genealogist. These issues of The Virginia Genealogist are accessible online through American Ancestors ($).

Military

French and Indian War

  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Prince William County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. FHL Collection; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Prince William County, see pp. 97-100, 112.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. FHL Collection; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Prince William County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Mayo, Sandra. "Fairfax and Prince William Counties in the French and Indian War," Northern Virginia Heritage, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Feb. 1987). Digital version at Historic Prince William.

Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Prince William County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Prince William County supplied soldiers for the:

- 3rd Virginia Regiment
- 11th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Bookset. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Prince William County on page 133.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
  • Pierce, Alycon Trubey. "Wringing Northern Virginians Out of Final Pension Payment Vouchers, 1818-1864," Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. 1997):73-77. FHL Collection. [Identifies married daughters and granddaughters of Revolutionary War Pensioners, and other persons mentioned in these records. Pierce abstracted entries for residents of Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]

War of 1812

Prince William County men served in the 36th and 89th Regiments.[5]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Prince William County, pp. 99-100. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Prince William County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Prince William County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 4th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
- 8th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company C (Evergreen Guards).[6]
- 17th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company F (Prince William Rifles).[7]
- 49th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company F (Ewell Guards) and Company G (Quantico Guards).[8]

Records and histories are available, including:

  • 1861-1865 - Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch — index
  • 1861-1865 - Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch — index
  • 1861-1865 - U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865 at Ancestry — index (free)
  • 1861-1865 - U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865 at Ancestry — index (free)
  • "Civil War Claims from Prince William County," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 6, No. 6 (Dec. 1987):54-55. FHL Collection.
  • "First Roster of Prince William Co. Organized Dec 1859," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Sep. 1983). FHL Collection
  • "Last Roll Call, Company A, Fourth Va Cavalry," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 2, No. 11 (May 1984). FHL Collection
Civil War Battles

The following Civil War battles were fought in Prince William County.

  • July 18, 1861 = Blackburn’s Ford, also known as Bull Run[9]
  • July 21, 1861 = Manassas I, also known as First Bull Run[10]
  • August 25-27, 1862 = Manassas Station Operations[11]
  • August 28, 1862 = Thoroughfare Gap, also known as Chapman's Mill[12]
  • August 28-30, 1862 = Manassas II, also known as Second Bull Run, Manassas Plains, Groveton, Gainesville, or Brawner's Farm[13]
  • October 14, 1863 = Bristoe Station[14]
  • January 3, 1862 = Cockpit Point, also known as Batteries at Evansport, Freestone Point, or Shipping Point[15]
Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

World War I

  • Olson, Ann. "World War I Memorial," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 6, No. 7 (Jan. 1988):59. FHL Collection [Identifies 26 county residents who died in the conflict.]

World War II

Miscellaneous Records

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Prince William County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

  • "Obituary and Estate of John Hooe of 'Mayfield' (1790?-1873)," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 8, No. 8 (Feb. 1990):62-63. FHL Collection
  • Phillips, Carol Thompson. Death Notices, Obituaries & Memoriams: From the Prince William County, Va., Manassas Gazette and Manassas Journal, 1885-1910. [Westminster, Maryland]: Willow Bend Books, 1998. FHL Collection
  • Phillips, Carol Thompson. Engagements and Marriages from the Prince William County Gazette & Manassas Journal, 1885-1910. Westminster, Maryland: Willow Bend Books, 1998. FHL Collection
  • "Prince William Gleanings," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 10, No. 9 (Mar. 1992):70. FHL Collection [Abstract from Maryland Gazette, 1755. Concerns Anne Perrell who states she had been an indentured servant to John Morehead of Prince William County, Virginia.]
  • Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. Some examples of documents about newspapers on this site:
    • "Prince William County Newspaper Transcripts 1861-1864"
    • "Prince William County Virginia 1900-1930 Obituaries"

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. FHL Collection [Includes a section on Dumfries silversmiths.]
  • "Prince William County, Virginia Post Officers: Listed Alphabetically by Post Office" (1800s-1900s) is available online through RELIC.
  • Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. Some examples of documents about occupations on this site:
    • "Prince William County Virginia Business and Occupations, 1800-1899: Ordinary Keepers"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Business and Occupations, 1800-1899: Physicians"
    • "Manassas Virginia 1870-1970 Businesses"
    • "Prince William County Business Licenses, 1806-1899"
    • "Prince William County Business Licenses, 1900-1928"
    • "Prince William County Business Licenses, 1900-1970"
    • "Prince William County Virginia 1805-1955 Businesses"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Edmund Berkeley's Evergreen Farm Day Book 1897-1905"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Edmund Berkeley's Evergreen Farm Day Book 1905-1910"
    • "Prince William County Virginia Edmund Berkeley's Farm Day Book 1851-1855 - Partial"

Officials

Private Papers

  • [Akers]See Manuel.
  • [Cocke] "Family bible of William Cocke, Dumfries, Virginia, 1802," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 8, No. 4 (Oct. 1989):30-31. FHL Collection
  • [Foley] Gott, John K. "Foley Bible, 'Mt. Atlas,' Prince William Co., Va.," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1975):118-120. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • [Gray] "Thomas L. Gray of Prince William County," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 10, No. 12 (Jun. 1992):91, 93. FHL Collection
  • [Huntt] "Huntt Family Bible: Fairfax County, Virginia," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. 1985):3-5. FHL Collection
  • [Leaman] Durham, Karen. "Leaman-Metz Family Bible Record," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 10, No. 5 (Nov. 1991):35-37. FHL Collection
  • [Lynn] Stickel, Iris Robey. "Lynn - Russell Bible," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 8, No. 12 (Jun. 1990):93-94. FHL Collection
  • [McCuin] "McCuin Bible," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 2, No. 5 (Nov. 1983). FHL Collection
  • [Manuel] "Manuel-Akers Bible Record," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 9, No. 11 (May 1991):87. FHL Collection
  • [Metz]See Leaman.
  • [Norman] "Norman Family Bible Record," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 7, No. 12 (Jun. 1989):64-65. FHL Collection
  • [Rector] "Our Rector Line," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 9 (Mar. 1985). FHL Collection
  • [Russell]See Lynn.
  • [Tolson] "Bible of Daniel W. Tolson and Elizabeth Scott Botts," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Sep. 1983). FHL Collection

Probate Records

A free index to Prince William County, Virginia Genealogy wills and administrations (1734-1744 - 1778-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

Local Court

Old Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Va.
Prince William, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765)

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