A three-hour epic on the life and struggles of poet and patriot Jose Rizal, the national hero and martyr of the Philippines, this film was commissioned to mark the 1998 centennial of the country’s independence from Spanish colonial rule. Rizal was a remarkably educated man; not only was he a writer, but he was also a painter, sculptor, doctor and surgeon, teacher, natural scientist, economist, engineer and theologian. He was an excellent fencer and marksman; he studied at colleges in Europe, America and Asia, traveled to many different nations and could speak twenty-two languages. He was a champion of his country’s independence, a Filipino Gandhi who faced the firing squad at the age of thirty-five for inciting rebellion. He was the instigator of the Philippine revolution of 1896-98, the first national uprising against a colonial power in Asia. He also wrote two books, Noli me tangere and El Filibusterismo, which sought to increase his people’s political awareness.
Director Marilou Diaz-Abaya deliberately avoids a historical lesson. The Rizal of her story Cesar Montano is thinking back on his life and writings from his prison cell in the fortress of Santiago; the characters that appear are a blend of the real people, friends and enemies as well as those he created in his books. The script is solid, with a contribution by Diaz-Abaya’s long time collaborator, Ricky Lee; the soft tones of the cinematography helps to create an atmosphere of magic appropriate to the story of a legendary hero, and the acting by Cesar Montano is quite remarkable. The movie begins in 1891 with Jose Rizal, played by Cesar Montano, as an established author and linguist who speaks more than 20 languages. He vows to write about the sufferings of the Filipino people under the tyranny of Spanish rule, and about their abuse by corrupt priests. Rizal’s writings galvanize the Filipino people but earn the scorn of the Spanish government, which vows to crush the rebellion of the Filipinos.
The Spanish military capture and torture Jose’s brother Paciano, played by Pen Medina, to determine Jose’s role in the rebellion. During a flashback, Jose says Paciano greatly influenced him by exposing him to the injustice going on in the Philippines. Paciano is released after his interrogation and returns to Manila, where the family plans to go on the run. An order is given to arrest Jose Rizal on sight.
The movie cuts back to Jose’s childhood, when he was called Pepe. When he is a child, his mother is falsely arrested for attempted murder and jailed for two years. He gets attention from educators early on for his intelligence and writing prowess. As a young man, he criticizes a college professor for stating that Spaniards are superior to Filipinos. Filipino students start fighting Spanish students after Jose starts raising the issue of Filipino independence. Cutting back to 1896, Jose is captured and put on trial, and his books are banned.
The film then cuts back and forth between Jose’s rise as a revolutionary and his fall from grace during his trial. As a student, Rizal spent significant time in Madrid but then became disgusted with Spain’s occupation of Filipino land and Spanish treatment of Filipino citizens. The mayor of Madrid is arrested and discredited for having a Rizal book. A violent revolt breaks out in 1896, which Jose does not support because he sees it as mass suicide. Going back to the trial, enormous pressure is put upon Jose’s defense attorneys, with critics branding them as traitors for defending the rebel.
It is revealed in a flashback that Jose had fathered a child that had died soon after birth, adding to his inner turmoil as he buried his only son. In the trial, his books are examined and criticized for their pro-Filipino stance against Spanish imperialists. He is found guilty of staging a rebellion through his speaking and writing, and he’s condemned to death by firing squad. He sneaks a poem to his family before his execution, and he yells “It is done!” A full-blown rebellion is soon under way. Two years later, in 1898, the Filipino flag is lifted triumphantly as the citizens celebrate their independence.
Reaction Paper on the Movie "Freedom Writers"
...REACTION PAPER “FREEDOM WRITERS” By: Racel Emmanuelle R. Mendoza There is an obvious discrimination shown in the movie “Freedom Writers”, where everybody hates everybody and they got no choice but to live in a world full of pandemonium. Random cultural implications are shown in the movie. Where one has to accept his/her society since birth, or someone has to really join a gang to keep up and belong to a hood. In the case of the students in the movie, they are just simply hopeless and what they all just do is to keep raging flames in their hearts. Until one tough and undeniably smart professor came on their way to take action – Ms. Gruwell. As Ms. Gruwell came into the movie, I just thought that there will really be one person who will unexpectedly cross one’s life and lead you towards impunity. Same with the world or certain country where there is rampant chaos and a peacemaker leads to fight for the right. At first, Ms. Gruwell had dismay that she wasn’t able to understand everything. And because she thinks and considers the factors she sees in her current endeavor, she came up with a very unique plan that a usual professor wouldn’t think about. – FREEDOM WRITING. I guess, the maker of the movie wanted to disseminate how the therapy of writing one’s feelings comes into such a relief to those whose minds are insane and broken. This is a very good twist in the movie, where in cultural liberalism takes place. Series of difficulties are shown in the movie, and how brave Ms...
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Reaction Paper to Rizal
...REACTION PAPER IN THE MOVIE JOSE RIZAL The movie tells the life story of Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines. Athree-hour epic on the life and struggles of his poet and patriotisms. It covers his life fromhis childhood to his execution at the hands of the Spanish forces occupying thePhilippines in the late 19th century. We are also thrown into the world of Rizal's novels(filmed in black and white), so we get a glimpse of how he viewed Filipino society under the Spanish heal.The film also through a series of flashback showing Rizal as a genius, a writer, adoctor, an artist, a lover, a friend, a brother and a son, thus giving a rich texture of Rizal’scharacter.The movie introduces us to the life of subjugation of the Filipino people under therule of the Spanish friars. From the execution of three Filipino priests in 1872 for allegedsubversion to the harsh and unequal treatment of Filipino students in the schools, thisfilm is a stinging indictment of Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines.I also commend the film for its bravery in showing the evil tyranny of theCatholic Church during that time. Considering that the Philippines is a Catholic nationthat is like butchering a sacred cow but alas, Abaya works her magic in depicting thesuffering of the Filipinos because of the friars.This is by far the best Filipino movie that I have seen so far. I would urge anyonereading this who likes movies, to either rent it or buy it.I particularly love the last scene......
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Reaction Paper About the Movie of Home
...de San Ildefonso founded in Cebu | 1596 | | Magalat Revolt (1596) | | 14 July | Francisco de Tello de Guzmán appointed Governor-General (1596-1602) | 1598 | | Colegio de Santa Potenciana, the first school for girls in the Philippines, established | 1600 | | Pedro Bucaneg inscribes the oral epic Biag ni Lam-ang | 17th century Year | Date | Event | 1600 | | The Dutch attacks the archipelago in a tactical offensive during the European war between Spain and the Netherlands | | | Bandala System is formed by the Spanish Colonial Government | | | The Galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico begins. | 1601 | | Igorot Revolt (1601). | | 1 August | Colegio de San Jose is established | 1602 | | Chinese revolt of 1602 | | May | Pedro Bravo de Acuña appointed Governor-General (1602-1606). | 1606 | 24 June | Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza appointed Governor-General (1606-1608) by the Audiencia Real. | 1608 | 15 June | Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco appointed Governor-General (1608-1609). | 1609 | April | Juan de Silva appointed Governor-General (1609-1616). | 1611 | 28 April | University of Santo Tomas established as the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (later renamed the Colegio de Santo Tomas). | 1616 | 19 April | Andrés Alcaraz appointed Governor-General (1616-1618) by the Audiencia Real. | 1618 | 3 July | Alonso Fajardo de Entenza......
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...RIZAL SA DAPITAN The movie “Rizal sa Dapitan” shows Rizal’s life in exile in the said place before his execution. During his exile, he refused to just mope around and wait for his freedom. Instead, he made his exile in Dapitan very fruitful as much as possible. For fruitful leisure, he planted several kinds of plants, made an irrigation system, and sculpted. He offered free medicinal check-ups for the locals and even performed a surgery on his mother, blinded by a severe cataract, when she and Jose Rizal’s sisters left from Hong Kong to visit him. He became a local teacher or “maestro” for the young boys, offering free education for the less fortunate. And of course, like any other young man, he fell in love and got married to an Irish-American who came from Hong Kong to Dapitan, Josephine Bracken, who asked for help to cure her blind father. Towards the end of the movie, a fellow doctor and a member of the KKK, Pio Valenzuela, visited him to ask for advice on their planned “revolution”. But since the colony was not yet ready for a revolution, he just advised that the KKK should first stock up on armory and weapon through their rich fellow countrymen and train for battle. By watching the movie, I learned more on the life of our national hero. I was even able to establish the “good and bad” about our beloved Jose Rizal. For the “bad”, I can only think of one thing. During Josephine’s pregnancy, Jose Rizal’s sister, Maria, accused Josephine as a spy sent by the wicked......
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Reaction Paper in the Movie El Presidente
...El Presidente Reaction Paper EL PRESIDENTE Making a historical film is always a tough endeavor. What makes it even more challenging is its subject happens to be a controversial figure in history. And one of these is the El Presidente which was became one of the entries in Metro Manila Film Festival 2012 directed by Mark Meily. He crafts a tale centering about Emilio Aguinaldo, the first president of the First Philippine Republic. This general, politician, and revolutionary leader lived a long, grim, and gainful life from the time of the Philippines' revolution against the Spanish colonial rule to the American and Japanese. Jeorge "ER" Estregan plays the lead role with Cesar Montano as Andres Bonifacio. In this film, the story touches on the revolutionary encounters, as well as the many issues, that took place during Aguinaldo's time. It also explores his inner struggles as a husband, a member of the working class, a war leader, and a politician. It boasts a grand production highlighted by sophisticated cinematography and set pieces. Compared to many other Filipino epic and historical pictures that fall short on their technical ventures, this film gets high marks in its period and action sequences. Even with some inconsistencies and softness lingering in a couple of scenes, many shots still offer that "WOW" factor for the viewers. And most importantly, the production is still able to live up to the emotional investment such a historical offering needs to promote a sense......
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...Jose Rizal Directed by: Marilou Diaz-Abaya; GMA FILMS PRODUCTION 19th Century Spain saw her empire crumble away as colonies like Chile, Peru and Cuba rose in arms and achieved their independence. In the Philippines, Spain faced the threat of yet another revolution due to mounting social unrest among the natives. Jose Rizal, at age of 35, was the greatest political enemy of Spain in the Philippines. With his exceptional linguistic ability and interest in the science and arts, Rizal was most effectibe in his campaign for freedom as a writer. His novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo were scathing indictments of Spanish tyranny and of the Church which came to acquire immense political power. Ghent, Belgium. 1891 – Rizal “Ang bayan ay may cancer, na panlipunan, na kailangan ibilad sa templo ng sambayanang Pilipino, at sa hangahang ito, sisikapin kong maikintal ang iyong kalagayan ng buong katapatan ng walang itinatanggi. Itataas ko ang lambong na nagtatago sa kalinisan na ipinagpapakasakit ng lahat sa katotohanan. Maging ang pag-ibig sa sarili, sapagkat bilang anak, alos kong ako man ay may sarili ring pagkukulang at katuwaan. Ang aklat ay nagkakaroon ng mga bagay na ngayon lang may magsisiwalat. Napakaselan ng mga ito, kaya’t sinuman ay walang sumalang. Pinagsikapan kong isagawa ang ayaw isagawa ng iba. Sinikap kong sagutin ang mga paghamak na sa loob ng daang taon ay naitambak sa atin at sa ating lupang sinilangan.” Panunuring Pampelikula......
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Jose Rizal the Movie Reaction Paper
...JOSE RIZAL THE MOVIE Reaction Paper Heroes are not about persons having super powers or super strength just to save other people’s life. But it’s about how you make sacrifices and giving everything you have without any hesitation. The movie Jose Rizal is a 1998 biographical film of the Philippine National Hero directed by Marilou Diaz-Abaya. This movie shows what the real meaning of “patriotism” that was being inculcated in our minds until now. It also shows how noble person Rizal is. It focuses on the condition of society and government at the time of Spanish Colonization in our country. With the use of the written novels of Rizal (Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo), the Filipinos have awaken to the abusive ways and discrimination of Spaniards towards Filipinos. It really gave the picture on how the Spaniards treat us in our own country and rule the government with their own ways. Dominican Friars symbolizes justice and should be followed. Because of that Dr. Jose Rizal started the war by awakening the hearts of his people through his malicious works that gets the attention of Spanish Government and triggers the Filipino people to fight for their own discretion. It shows that being brave is not about killing others but also using the power of mind through writing. The movie had successfully showed the characteristics of a Filipino like being brave in their own way and patriotism. And the most important for Rizal was to give his country the freedom and justice until......
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...2014-2015 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Life and Works of Jose Rizal (SSCI 111) Revision No: 00 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: LEARNING MODULE TITLE The Historical Background of the Rizal Law and 19th Century Philippines LEARNING MODULE RATIONALE In this module, we will discuss the historical context of the Rizal Law. Before we tackle Jose Rizal’s life and works, it is important discuss its legal basis and the issues surrounding it for us to understand why we need to study this course and what we must achieve in studying it. Historians agree that every historical actor is a product of his time, therefore it is equally important and beneficial for our study to learn the historical context of Jose Rizal – the social, economic and political milieu of his time in order to contextualize our study of his life and works. Doing away with historical context, might mislead us from a genuine reading and understanding of Jose Rizal’s life and works. In order to achieve this, we will start our study by having a glimpse of the 19th century Philippines or the last century of Spanish colonial regime in the Philippine. LEARNING OUTCOMES The following are the learning outcomes we are expected to achieve at the end of the lesson: Understand the historical background and rationale of the Rizal Law and the Historical context of 19th Century Philippines • Explain the rationale of the Rizal Law • Discuss the historical context of the Rizal Law • Describe the Spanish colonial government by......
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...Ms. Mari Cris Tan Jose Rizal: Ang Bayaning Third World I’ve known the name Jose Rizal since I was a kid. He was a smart man whose curiosity took him to a lot of opportunities, a famous Filipino writer who wrote a lot of compositions that talked about patriotism and a hero who died for his beloved country. Unfortunately, my knowledge about him is not that much but luckily, the movie we watched did get me to be more familiar with the life and sufferings of our hero. It also tickled my mind to think about how the events were connected to each other. Along with my own curiosity, we were asked to also think about if Rizal deserved to be called a national hero. Rizal came from a rich and well known family that is why he had an opportunity to gain knowledge in the city of Manila as well as other countries. He have been to a lot of places and considered to be a multi lingual person and this became an issue brought to him. People would say that Bonifacio deserves more because he came from an unfortunate family. He is also a pure Filipino in mind and experienced suffering in the hands of the Spaniards. For me, the knowledge Rizal got from his so called “adventures” was not used for his own benefit. This knowledge changed his perspective in life. When you come to think about it, how did the hardships of his country hunt down his mind and heart to speak for us Filipinos considering the fact that he did not experience suffering in terms of being unprivileged? Rizal did not use any......
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...Cinco,Reymond John C. December 8, 2014 CEIT-02-401p Prof. Kathleen Ryan A. Besonia “SEGUNDA KATIGBAK” She was Jose Rizal’s “puppy love” and with her the hero was believed to have had “love at first sight”. Rizal was 16 years old when one Sunday in 1887 he paid visit to his maternal grandmother in Trozo, Manila and there met, among others, Segunda Katigbak, a two-year-younger-than-him ‘colegiala’. In his ‘Memorias de Un Estudiante de Manila’, Rizal graphically described her as a short lady with “eloquent eyes, rosy cheeks, and smile that reveals very beautiful teeth”. Mariano Katigbak, Segunda’s brother and Rizal’s classmate who was also in the house, probably had no idea that his friend had been experiencing “a love at first sight” being bewitched by his alluring sister. During the 1880s, the Katigbaks of Batangas were known for their successful and very lucrative coffee industry. When Jose met Segunda, she was at the time a boarding student of La Concordia College where Rizal’s sister Olympia was also studying. Jose and Segunda got to know each other more intimately as his visits to his sister Olympia (or rather to his love interest Segunda) in La Concordia surprisingly became more frequent. How could Rizal forget that incident when he was urged by other acquaintances and conformed to make a pencil sketch of Segunda? “From time to time”, he later recorded in his diary, “she looked at me, and I blushed.” When Segunda one day gave him a white artificial rose she......
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Fym Movie Reaction Paper
...Mendoza, Andrew F. Dr. Arsenia Lucy P. Dev (Friday; 4:00pm - 5:00pm) October 30, 2015 Reaction Paper: Felix Y. Manalo Directed by Joel Lamangan under Viva Films, the epic-historical-biographical film “Felix Manalo” broke two Guiness World Record (Largest Attendance for Film Screening and largest Attendance for Film Premiere) on its international premiere night held last October 5, 2015 at Philippine Arena, Ciudad de Victoria, Bocaue, Bulacan. The said film was also a major production of the church, Iglesia ni Cristo and with its whole support, the movie became more than just a successful one; it was a mega-blockbuster hit. Originally, it was a 6-hour film, but during its premiere, only the cut-short 3-hour version was screened. The film is a historical drama portraying the life of Bro. Felix Ysagun Manalo, the first executive minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo and regarded as the messenger of God in these last days. The film was shot in a sepia-like filter which gave me the impression of it being shot in an era where colored pictures have yet to exist. The soundtrack and music video of the film entitled “Ang Sugo ng Diyos sa mga Huling Araw” was released on October 4, 2015 at the Philippine Arena. It was performed by Sarah Geronimo, composed by Joan and Ryan Solitario and arranged by Louie Ocampo. It made the hair on the back of my neck stand up as it played and it also moved me like how a worship service hymn would. It revolves on......
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Rizal Reaction Paper
...NAME: GIBA,YVONE DOMINIC P. | PROFESSOR: | SECTION: UC-20 | TO BE SUBMITTED ON: MARCH 3,2016 | REACTION PAPER IN RIZAL Dr. José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda is our national hero; Dr. Jose Protacio Mercado Alonzo y Realonda Rizal (June 19, 1861 – Dec 30, 1896) Is most venerated and acclaimed patriot in the Philippines recognized for his unselfish contribution in the historical and social transformation in the country, he is one of the National heroes of the Philippines together with Andres Bonifacio. He also writes El Filibusterismo and Noli me Tangere. Rizal as a child was a lover of a Literature arts and wrote a poem named “Ang aking mga kabata” . Rizal was born from wealthy Family in Calamba, Laguna and Seventh of eleven children of Francisco engracio Rizal and Teodora Alonzo Realonda de Quintos. Rizal had a Spanish and Japanese Ancestors. The grandfather and father of Teodora was a Half Spaniard engineer named Lorenzo Alberto Alonzo. His maternal great-great-grandfather was Eugenio Ursua, a descendant of Japanese settlers. Before he enrolled in Ateneo Municipal de Manila, Paciano Rizal advice Rizal dropped the last three names to make up his full name as “Jose Protasio Rizal”. Rizal writes “My family never paid much attention [to our second surname Rizal], but now I had to use it, thus giving me the appearance of an illegitimate child” Rizal first study under Justiniano Aquino Cruz in Binan, Laguna. Before he sent in manila he take entrance......
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...This was the Filipino movie I have been waiting for, for a long time. Most of the Filipino movies that I've seen are cheap imitations of Hollywood movies with forgettable characters and forgettable plots. But I won't be forgetting "Jose Rizal" anytime soon. With impeccable production values and a truly great performance by the lead actor, Cesar Montano, "Jose Rizal" is the equal of anything that Hollywood can produce (and better than most of the crap that Hollywood routinely puts out on the street). The movie tells the life story of Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines. It covers his life from his childhood to his execution at the hands of the Spanish forces occupying the Philippines in the late 19th century. We are also thrown into the world of Rizal's novels (filmed in black and white), so we get a glimpse of how he viewed Filipino society under the Spanish heal. One note, this movie is not for the faint of heart. There are graphic depictions of violence and even torture. The opening few scenes depict some episodes from Rizal's novels. In one a Catholic priest rapes a Filipina. I guess I now know where the Mestizo (i.e., mixed blood) class came from in the Philippines. In the other scene a Catholic priest beats a child for alleged stealing. Strong stuff, and it made me wonder how the Catholic Church could possibly retain any power in the country, if this is what the national hero thought about it. The movie introduces us to the life of......
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Rizal Reaction Paper
... “A reaction paper in JOSE RIZAL: The Movie” A heart warming movie that shows how Rizal runs his life. Marilou Diaz-Abaya, the director, made a very good choice of choosing Cesar Montano as Jose Rizal and Joel Torre as his counterpart as the Crisostomo Ibarra and afterward Simoun in his very proud novel, Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. This movie Jose Rizal is a great explanation of the Philippine tragic history. I didn’t suffer the 3-hours-movie long. It shows nationalism and heroism in a nonviolent manner, though, there were instances that the characters speak in Spanish and it’s hard to appreciate unless I will read the subtitles. I couldn’t see that Cesar Montano and other characters were having difficulties in reciting their Spanish lines. The plot was full of twists and turns yet still not difficult to follow but it is so confusing to watch because there were too many flashbacks and you won’t even know if it is still in flashback or not. Apparently, some scenes are brutal, and some scenes are unsuitable for young kids such as the bed scenes in the first part wherein the Spanish priest with the used of his power tried to rape the Filipino woman. The amusing surprise was the dedication of Cesar Montano to his role and matched with the good actor Jhong Hilario, played as his servant and a great actor Jaime Fabregas as Rizal’s defense attorney, Lt. Taviel de Andrade, they made the story of Rizal’s life easy to understand. Anyway, it is a very good movie with......
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...JOSE RIZAL JOSÉ PROTACIO RIZAL MERCADO Y ALONSO REALONDA (born 19 June 1861, Calamba, Philippines- died 30 December 1896, Manila, Philippines), patriot, physician and man of letters whose life and literary works were an inspiration to the Philippine nationalist movement. Rizal was the son of a prosperous landowner and sugar planter of Chinese-Filipino descent on the island of Luzon. His mother, Teodora Alonso, one of the most highly educated women in the Philippines at that time, exerted a powerful influence on his intellectual development. He was educated at the Ateneo de Manila and the University of Santo Tomas in Manila. In 1882, he went to study medicine and liberal arts at the University of Madrid. A brilliant student, he soon became the leader of the small community of Filipino students in Spain and committed himself to the reform of Spanish rule in his home country, though he never advocated Philippine independence. The chief enemy of reform, in his eyes, was not Spain, which was going through a profound revolution, but the Franciscan, Augustinian and Dominican friars who held the country in political and economic paralysis. Rizal continued his medical studies in Paris and Heidelberg. In 1886, he published his first novel in Spanish, Noli Me Tangere, a passionate exposure of the evils of the friars rule, comparable in its effect to Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. A sequel,El Filibusterismo, 1891, established his reputation as the leading spokesman of......
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