Case Study Noise Pollution India

1. Census of India 2011. Provisional Population Totals. Paper 2, Volume 1 of 2011. Rural-Urban Distribution India series 1. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011. [Last accessed on 2011 Dec 3]. Available from: .

2. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. No. 14 of 1981, [29/03/1981]-The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, amended 1987. [Last accessed on 2011 Dec 6]. Available from: .

3. Berglund B, Lindvall T, Schwela HD, editors. Geneva: World Health Organization, Cluster of Sustainable Development and Healthy Environment (SDE), Department for Protection of the Human Environment (PHE), Occupational and Environment Health) (OEH); 1999. Guidelines for Community Noise.

4. Noise: Facts and Figures. World Health Organization. 2011. [Last accessed on 2012 Aug 13]. Available from: .

5. Goswami S, Nayak SK, Pradhan AC, Dey SK. A study on traffic noise of two campuses of University, Balasore, India. J Environ Biol. 2011;32:105–9.[PubMed]

6. Noise. World Health Organization. 2011. [Last accessed on 2012 Aug 13]. Available from: .

7. Berglund B, Lindvall T. Community noise. [Last accessed on 2011 Dec 7];Archives of the Center for Sensory Research. 1995 2:1–195. Available from: .

8. Central Pollution Control Board, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India. [Last accessed on 2011 Dec 4]. Available from: .

9. Banerjee D, Chakraborty SK, Bhattacharyya S, Gangopadhyay A. Evaluation and analysis of road traffic noise in Asansol: An industrial town of eastern India. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2008;5:165–71.[PMC free article][PubMed]

10. Patel R, Tiwari TN, Patel T. Noise pollution in residential areas of Jharsuguda Town, Orissa (India) and its impact. J Environ Sci Eng. 2006;48:209–12.[PubMed]

11. Agarwal S, Swami BL. Comprehensive approach for the development of traffic noise prediction model for Jaipur city. Environ Monit Assess. 2011;172:113–20.[PubMed]

12. Bhosale BJ, Late A, Nalawade PM, Chavan SP, Mule MB. Studies on assessment of traffic noise level in Aurangabad city, India. Noise Health. 2010;12:195–8.[PubMed]

13. Vidya Sagar T, Nageswara Rao G. Noise pollution levels in Visakhapatnam City (India) J Environ Sci Eng. 2006;48:139–42.[PubMed]

14. Kisku GC, Sharma K, Kidwai MM, Barman SC, Khan AH, Singh R, et al. Profile of noise pollution in Lucknow city and its impact on environment. J Environ Biol. 2006;27:409–12.[PubMed]

15. Agarwal S, Swami BL. Road traffic noise, annoyance and community health survey - a case study for an Indian city. Noise Health. 2011;13:272–6.[PubMed]

16. Bhattacharya SK, Bandyopadhyay P, Kashyap SK. Calcutta metro: Is it safe from noise pollution hazards? Ind Health. 1996;34:45–50.[PubMed]

17. Datta JK, Sadhu S, Gupta S, Saha R, Mondal NK, Mukhopadhyay B. Assessment of noise level in Burdwan town, West Bengal. J Environ Biol. 2006;27:609–12.[PubMed]

18. White paper on pollution in Delhi. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. 1997. [Last accessed on 2011 Dec 3]. Available from: .

19. Banerjee D, Chakraborty SK. Monthly variation in night time noise levels at residential areas of Asansol city (India) J Environ Sci Eng. 2006;48:39–44.[PubMed]

20. Mandal P, Prakash M, Bassin JK. Impact of Diwali celebrations on urban air and noise quality in Delhi City, India. Environ Monit Assess. 2012;184:209–15.[PubMed]

21. Stansfeld SA, Matheson MP. Noise pollution: Non-auditory effects on health. Br Med Bull. 2003;68:243–57.[PubMed]

22. Borchgrevink HM. Does health promotion work in relation to noise? Noise Health. 2003;5:25–30.[PubMed]

23. Moller A.R. Effects of the Physical Environment: Noise AS a Health Hazard. In: Wallace RB, editor. Maxcy-Rosenau-Last, Public Health and Preventive Medicine. Fourteenth Edition. USA: McGraw Hill Companies; 2007. pp. 755–61.

24. Barbosa AS, Cardoso MR. Hearing loss among workers exposed to road traffic noise in the city of São Paulo in Brazil. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2005;32:17–21.[PubMed]

25. Chakraborty MR, Khan HS, Samad MA, Amin MN. Noise level in different places of Dhaka Metropolitan City (DMC) and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in Dhaka City dwellers. Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull. 2005;31:68–74.[PubMed]

26. Sharif A, Taous A, Siddique BH, Dutta PG. Prevalence of noise induced hearing loss among traffic police in Dhaka Metropolitan City. Mymensingh Med J. 2009;18:S24–28.[PubMed]

27. Thomas N, Mariah AN, Fuad A, Kuljit S, Philip R. Noise exposure and noise induced hearing loss among Kuala Lumpur traffic point duty personnel. Med J Malaysia. 2007;62:152–5.[PubMed]

28. Nawaz SK, Hasnain S. Noise induced hypertension and prehypertension in Pakistan. Bosn J Basic Med Sci. 2010;10:239–44.[PMC free article][PubMed]

29. Fuks K, Moebus S, Hertel S, Viehmann A, Nonnemacher M, Dragano N, et al. Long-term urban particulate air pollution, traffic noise, and arterial blood pressure. Environ Health Perspect. 2011;119:1706–11.[PMC free article][PubMed]

30. Sørensen M, Hvidberg M, Hoffmann B, Andersen ZJ, Nordsborg RB, Lillelund KG, et al. Exposure to road traffic and railway noise and associations with blood pressure and self-reported hypertension: A cohort study. Environ Health. 2011;10:92.[PMC free article][PubMed]

31. Lercher P, Botteldooren D, Widmann U, Uhrner U, Kammeringer E. Cardiovascular effects of environmental noise: Research in Austria. Noise Health. 2011;13:234–50.[PubMed]

32. Selander J, Nilsson ME, Bluhm G, Rosenlund M, Lindqvist M, Nise G, et al. Long-term exposure to road traffic noise and myocardial infarction. Epidemiology. 2009;20:272–9.[PubMed]

33. Niemann H, Bonnefoy X, Braubach M, Hecht K, Maschke C, Rodrigues C, et al. Noise-induced annoyance and morbidity results from the pan-European LARES study. Noise Health. 2006;8:63–79.[PubMed]

34. Evans GW, Lercher P, Meis M, Ising H, Kofler WW. Community noise exposure and stress in children. J Acoust Soc Am. 2001;109:1023–7.[PubMed]

35. Regecová V, Kellerová E. Effects of urban noise pollution on blood pressure and heart rate in preschool children. J Hypertens. 1995;13:405–12.[PubMed]

36. Stansfeld SA, Berglund B, Clark C, Lopez-Barrio I, Fischer P, Ohrström E, et al. RANCH study team. Aircraft and road traffic noise and children's cognition and health: Across-national study. Lancet. 2005;365:1942–9.[PubMed]

37. National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPPCD) 2011. [Last accessed 2011 Dec 8]. Available from: .

38. AERB Safety Guidelines. GUIDELINES NO. AERB/SG/IS-3. Personal Protective Equipment. Atomic Energy Regulatory Board. Government of India. January. 2004. [Last accessed on 2011 Dec 8]. Available from: 03.pdf .

39. Bistrup ML. Prevention of adverse effects of noise on children. Noise Health. 2003;5:59–64.[PubMed]

40. Pathak V, Tripathi BD, Mishra VK. Dynamics of traffic noise in a tropical city Varanasi and its abatement through vegetation. Environ Monit Assess. 2008;146:67–75.[PubMed]

41. Samara T, Tsitsoni T. Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics; 2007. [Last accessed on 2012 Dec 8]. Road traffic noise reduction by vegetation in the ring road of a big city; pp. 2591–6. Available from .

42. Moudon AV. Real noise from the urban environment: How ambient community noise affects health and what can be done about it. Am J Prev Med. 2009;37:167–71.[PubMed]


Back in 2011, a study by the Centre of Science and Environment (CSE) has confirmed that New Delhi is the loudest city in India. The level of noise in the streets can go above 100 decibels, which is several times louder than Singapore. The noise level has reached dangerous levels, beyond the recommended guidelines of 50-55 decibels for residential zones. Prolonged exposure to this level of noise has resulted in the increase of risk in hearing loss for the citizens. According to studies, the average age of citizens in New Delhi are 10 years older in terms of hearing, which means they are at greater risk of losing their hearing in their 50s or early 60s.

A picture of a rush-hour traffic jam in the city of Delhi

The loud noise is often generated by the honking of cars, which means changes in attitude and behavior can reduce the main source of the noise. However, this is a hurdle as the habit of honking is ingrained into their daily routine. The streets of New Dehli are shared by vehicles, people, cyclists and more. Traffic is very heavy and the use of honk is essential to alert people walking on the street of an oncoming vehicle. As this concerns personal safety, the honking behavior will be a strong internal barrier as the drivers cannot simply stop honking.

Bookmark the permalink.

0 Thoughts to “Case Study Noise Pollution India

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *