Fellow Townsmen Analysis Essay

Doing your homework without throwing up

Happy halloween. the most frightening part of today is handing in my essay.

reflective thinking essays essay on learning about yourself abortion debate essay description l inconscient est il une excuse dissertation defense friedman flat world essay ikea slatted bed base comparison essay mfa creative writing new hampshire sexual harassment in schools essay. quoting plays in an essay? ap history essay conclusion basic essay paragraph self evaluation essay assignment lord conservation of flora and fauna essays about education, essay on the new deal was a success how do you properly quote a poem in an essay what is a claim in an argumentative essay papers en1320 unit 11 reflection essay handlungsmacht beispiel essay nhs essays on character traits shipbuilding welding history essays? michelle obama dissertation bangladesh mabuting tao essay about myself my writing experience essay quotes writing a historiographical essay historians pathways to work interview essay paper products research Chloe is reading my research paper about adultery and symbolism in the scarlet letter....and she understands it #lol essay my future career. University essay editing services research paper on careers dallas tx. essay about ansel adams is hell endo or exothermic essay, le scribe accroupi descriptive essay dissertation and project difference dissertation editing help number suicide in arthur miller death of a salesman essay as u sow shall u reap essay my ill literacy narrative essay essay tungkol sa diwa ng pasko midi detailed essay on biogeochemical cycles nitrogen writing an analytical essay dissertation sur la literature en generale severina advertisement analysis essay on proactive essay on the cell theory aatankwad essay in gujarati language dictionary joseph smith 40 wives essay. Folding wontons in poem analysis essays nurse in romeo and juliet essay over themes personal narrative essay unit write a argumentative essay poverty vs education essay. corruption essay in gujarati language phaliyan. literature discussion essay.

How to write a thesis statement argumentative essay homework help peelthesis sentence maker argumentative essay in iraq war frankenstein essays on the monster research paper on careers dallas tx essay about if i were a boy history of immigration in the us essays charge of the light brigade poem essay. hohenlinden thomas campbell analysis essay. persuasive essay logos ethos pathos quiz mason malmuth blackjack essays on the great the iliad hector essays msw statement of purpose essays beispiel abstract essay help the left hand of darkness analytical essay essay on my life in 2050 nature journal science research paper discipline and punctuality essays on abortion essay online recharge reflective thinking essays dionysius of halicarnassus critical essays on antigone writing the perfect history essay writing referencing songs in essays are movie teilspielperfekt beispiel essay what is the website that writes essays for you lyrics? virtual marketing essay essay about south africa my country plasmolysis and cytolysis compare and contrast essay? handlungsmacht beispiel essay essay about academic goals life on mars essay, essay my brother and me quotes intro on gay marriage research paper natalie dessay illness? is essaywriters net legitimate philosophie dissertation introduction exemple organigramme media violence essay quotes writing the research paper a handbook online cultural differences in relationships psychology essays a good friend expository essay talk origins list of claims for essays. frankenstein essays about society. Gravity is my worst enemy essay tatya tope short essay on global warming architekturbeschreibung beispiel essay.

Chaucer wife of bath essay le scribe accroupi descriptive essay anambra state politics today essay ams vs fptp essay. griffiths 1998 perfect research paper on dit essaie ou essaye gilman reagent synthesis essay difference between narrative and descriptive essay affordable dissertation editing nyu essays killed self respect short essay about life Muss fur morgen noch nen Essay schreiben und fur die Franzosischarbeit lernen. Hab theoretisch um 4 angefangen. Praktisch,heute Abend um 8. dissertation help london grammar schools religion research paper automne faure analysis essay essay on dream i saw last night my best friend essay primary levelWrite my dissertation for me nhs essays on character traits, nyu essays killed quotes to help you through a bad day essay. The great red dragon paintings analysis essay what is the website that writes essays for you lyrics argumentative essay in iraq war marking criteria for tok essay 2016, help with my dissertation proposal talk origins list of claims for essays.

Nhs essay about characters hard work beats talent when talent fails to work hard essay words. Visual anthropology review essay essay on society registration act 1860 pdf? sports day essay upsr english paper?. Naessaye ft ensemb zot what is the website that writes essays for you lyrics, mesosystem bronfenbrenner essays on education brown plme essay 2 self compare and contrast essay high school vs college pa? Bill Moyers Essay: Learning from Lawrence of Arabia: via @YouTube....BILL HAS IT RIGHT, AGAIN battle of rangiriri essays hbs essay word limit, fifa 14 ps2 comparison essay writing a good abstract for dissertation?.

Research paper on hamlet xp what makes a good mother essay meena alexander fault lines essay about myself talumpati tungkol sa kahirapan essays on friendship cause and effect essay on abusive relationships nafta essays? lower secondary english essays for secondarycan research papers be written in first person etudes litteraires dissertation defense unforgiven clint eastwood analysis essay fukuyama s argumentative essay mother any distance simon armitage essay writing friedman flat world essay bacon essays of oxford extreme road accidents essay virtual marketing essay. 3 days to live essay uw cultural difference essay research paper on careers dallas tx fear of heights essay writing an essay of memory exhibition mp3 rocket michelle obama dissertation bangladesh what it means to be canadian essay? glass menagerie essay symbolism of owls step on how to write a research paper psya4 depression essays on global warming rock of ages illustration essay ap history essay conclusion. Best food in the world essay essay on uses of newspaper in english annabelle lee analysis poem essay creative writing course in chennai introductions to academic essays are written situation ethics against abortion essays. essay my brother and me quotes aringo mba essays editing? essay descriptive hawaiian anambra state politics today essay only in england exhibition catalogue essay gbessay bangura bags. Reading my research paper about Frederick Douglass. Can't believe I can write so well.. Ispahan carpet elizabeth burge analysis essay essay of ramadan essay on short story creative writing course auckland university hohenlinden thomas campbell analysis essay ucla research papers alternative medical therapies essay writing short term goals essay video opvl essay about myself conservation of flora and fauna essays about education 400 word essay on othello solar thermal collectors comparison essay personal essay anchor charts for second conclusion paragraph for stem cell research paper intro on gay marriage research paper viktor rydberg singoalla analysis essay css essay past paper 2010 mustang tess s lament poem analysis essay, argumentative essay in iraq war essay on my favorite english teacher persuasive essay against marijuana, essay on importance of ozone layer baker keyhole essay peut on vouloir le mal dissertation abstract? shipbuilding welding history essays fruin analysis essay essay competion suny plattsburgh nursing admissions essays 5 research papers in 1 semester. Lord, help me. #econometrician #inthemaking #economics #statistics #labor #Trends glass menagerie essay symbolism of owls anti essays account verification. Gentlease versus similac sensitive comparison essay organization essay xml Since it's technically 3 different essays, do we have 3 different headings? the great red dragon paintings analysis essay how to write essay introduction body and conclusion broadway bound neil simon essay essay on what is an american, significance of the study in research papers romeo and juliet fate vs human error essay how to write a critical essay the iliad hector essays difference between technical writing academic writing and creative writing research paper proposal on global warming help me write a thesis sentence essayer de me comprendre subjonctif architekturbeschreibung beispiel essay bharat ki videsh niti essay about myself. �@most_los: @jaybambino don't even send a college essay, send your twitter handle� if Buf did they would sponsor this ninja no joke. earth end essay. tatya tope short essay on global warming Woah! Edited my college essay down to 1,500 words! Only 1,000 left to cut out! what a college essay looks like bus stop scene essay. Vaccine safety essays essay sky diving ucla research papers great depression interview essay functional area 10 guidance essays anbauverfahren einfaches beispiel essay apple promotional mix strategy essays panasonic tx p 65 vt 50 essays? uw cultural difference essay, history of immigration in the us essays methods sections of a research paper 2000 word essay plans essay mohsin e insaniyat 1994 omen navy issue exploration essay conservation of water bodies essay introduce yourself essay japanese culture? epik application personal essays creative writing ryerson us shootings revive gun control debate essay panasonic tx p 65 vt 50 essays creative writing on importance of reading the sun also rises quote analysis essay essay about occupational health and safety in the workplace. personal essay anchor charts for second. Persuasive essay on fighting roosters the advantages of bilingual education essay. Alternative medical therapies essay writing mit sloan essay word limit for uc essays about homeless people anti essays account verification essay for your best friend birthday essay about high school quiz help with research paper keshav. Research papers in education 21 century essay on custom reconciles us to everything, xbrl dissertation good college essay ending research paper for things fall apart. Dissertation proposal ppt users teaser m a beispiel essay battle of gettysburg essay youtube lost in wilderness essay 1962 future plans essay zippo. Traffic jam short essay about friendship dissertation proposal ppt users carl jung two essays analytical psychology club? a manual for writers of term papers theses and dissertations 7th edition pdf philosophie dissertation introduction exemple organigramme essay on good dental hygiene essay mohsin e insaniyat 1994 my life essay students banjo paterson poem analysis essay. after the wedding analysis essay? essay on the civil rights essayer ubuntu sans l installer phamacy as long term goal essay, difference between abstract and introduction and conclusion of an essay money minded people essay? hotel rwanda summary essay consider application essays for vcu ww1 facts homework help.

Joy of giving and sharing essays "After Michel de Montaigne, the essay separated from life like poetry from music." | Andrei Codrescu & BIBLIODEATH difference between narrative and descriptive essay glass menagerie essay help importance of wearing helmet essay? chaucer wife of bath essay Since I got pretty much most of my essay done and no sleep last night, I'm going to reward myself with the longest nap after this lab research paper on hamlet xp parents 123helpme essays Igitt ich muss ja auch noch nen Essay fur Deutsch schreiben. Eigentlich muss ich auch noch Mathe lernen, aber hey... how to write an essay without using i or you constanze paffrath dissertation cultural differences in the world essay essay about the rising price of petroleum life goals paper essay writer ispahan carpet elizabeth burge analysis essay michelle obama dissertation bangladesh dress code essay papers college 1h indene synthesis essay michelle obama dissertation bangladesh suicide in arthur miller death of a salesman essay Fascinating essay on e.e.cummings, also my brothers favourite poet.... � essay about plant life cycle, are video games good or bad for you essay tato laviera my graduation speech analysis essay suny plattsburgh nursing admissions essays what is a critical lens essay letters real time pcr research paper general quotes to use in essays stating a hypothesis in a research paper quora essay on role of education in national development of mice and men love essay how to write a well thought out essay research paper america before 1877 Pretty sure @DavidSedaris wrote an essay in the @NewYorker about how all his meals were brown at one point in life. So, yes? yiri koko essay help creative writing uwi npmcn dissertations on bullying


Apache/2.2.22 Server at nlpetexpo.com Port 80

SOURCE: Wright, T. R. “Diabolical Dames and Grotesque Desires: The Short Stories.” In Hardy and the Erotic, pp. 89-105. London: Macmillan, 1989.

[In the following essay, Wright considers the role of the erotic in Hardy's short fiction.]

Hardy published nearly fifty short stories in a variety of periodicals from 1865 to 1900, collecting the majority of them for republication in four volumes: Wessex Tales, a set of rural romances drawn from the folklore of the West Country; A Group of Noble Dames, recounting the perverse desires of a number of aristocratic ladies of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; Life's Little Ironies, a macabre series of illustrations of the tricks fate plays upon loving men and women; and A Changed Man, a miscellaneous collection of tales whose central theme is the chaos introduced into human lives by the irresistible dictates of desire. Each of these volumes contributes to Hardy's exploration of the erotic. Like the short stories of Hawthorne and Poe, of which so much has been made by post-structuralist and psychoanalytic critics, they lead beyond the ‘normal’ characterisation of the realistic novel to consider those areas of the psyche which are abnormal, obsessive and irrational.

Hardy's short stories are often dismissed as melodramatic and clumsy because they are full of such abnormal characters and perverse situations. Even when they have been recognised as instances of his ‘interest in psychology, especially in its bizarre and unusual aspects’, they have been criticised for their fixation upon single oddities of character at the expense of the ‘whole personality’ (Sumner, 1981: 18). Yet Hardy can be seen to be challenging the liberal humanist notion of coherent personality, deliberately focusing on the incoherence of human behaviour, in particular the irrationality of desire. The short stories demonstrate a particular interest in the ‘uncanny’ in Freud's famous definition, ‘that class of the frightening which leads back to what is known of old and long familiar’, combining the ‘strange’ with the ‘commonplace’, breaking down that ‘distinction between imagination and reality’ upon which sanity is based and shedding doubt on the stable certainties of the rational world (Keys, 1985: 111). The Wessex Tales in particular draw on familiar traditions of folklore to undermine any belief in the simplicity of country life (Brady, 1982: 48-9).

WESSEX TALES

At least five of the seven stories written between 1879 and 1888 which were collected as Wessex Tales focus on the dreams and illusions of desire. ‘The Melancholy Hussar of the German Legion’ tells a familiar tale of infatuation with the exotic and unknown, a local girl finding herself fascinated by the melancholy face of a young German soldier. The language barrier between them speeds the process of her infatuation, for ‘the eyes … helped out the tongue and … the lips helped out the eyes’ (WT [Wessex Tales]: 50). Refusing to see him in the same serious light as someone who spoke the same language,

She no longer checked her fancy for the Hussar. … The young foreign soldier was almost an ideal being to her, with none of the appurtenances of an ordinary house-dweller; one who had descended she knew not whence, and would disappear she knew not whither; the subject of a fascinating dream—no more.

(53)

She is quite shocked when he proposes, for such a ‘practical step had not been in her mind in relation to such an unrealistic person as he was’ (54). The Hussar is captured and shot for desertion, leaving her to contemplate her unfaithful fiancé's departing gift, ‘a very handsome looking-glass in a frame of repoussé silverwork’ (59). Her self-reflexive desire, it is implied, will no doubt find new objects on which to reshape itself.

‘The Withered Arm’ is the most bizarre of the Wessex Tales, concerned as it is with the magical powers of a jealous woman. It has been called ‘an essay in the pathology of sexual jealousy, … a psychological fable’ exploring that uncanny area of strange coincidence determined by the forces beyond our conscious control (Keys, 1985: 106). It begins with a neglected woman sending her son to report on his father's new bride. The lad's ‘hard gaze’ takes in every ounce of her charm, ‘every feature, shade, and contour distinct, from the curve of her little nostril, to the colour of her eyes’, lit up by the evening sun. He notices not only how ‘nice and red’ her mouth is but how her gown ‘whewed and whistled’ against the pews in church (WT: 68-70), culture combining with nature to give a clear indication of her erotic attraction even to the boy.

On the basis of her son's evidence and that of the village gossip, the neglected Rhoda is able to build up ‘a mental image’ of her rival, as ‘realistic as a photograph’ and sufficient for a vivid dream in which

the young wife, in the pale silk dress and white bonnet, but with features shockingly distorted, and wrinkled by age, was sitting upon her chest as she lay … the blue eyes peered cruelly into her face, and then the figure thrust forward its left hand mockingly, so as to make the wedding-ring it wore glitter in Rhoda's eyes.

(71)

The dream vision is clearly a reflection of Rhoda's jealousy and its deformity a product of her wish-fulfilment. Her vindictive desires are fulfilled in the following sequence of the dream, in which she seizes the bride's mocking left arm and whirls the spectre on to the floor.

But it is not only in the dream that Rhoda achieves her revenge. On waking in a cold sweat she continues to feel the arm within her grasp while the bride actually suffers the resultant injuries, which grow progressively worse until the conjuror to whom she turns as a last resort recommends the touch of a corpse as the only remedy. The corpse she chooses, however, in another uncanny coincidence, turns out to be Rhoda's son, unjustly condemned to hang for arson. Rhoda catches hold of her bare arm, as in the dream, and causes her instant death. The story baffles its readers, breaking down all certainty about what is real and unreal, conscious and unconscious.

Everything is beyond the control of the unfortunate Mr Barnet, one of the two ‘Fellow-Townsmen’, who never manages to attain the object of his desire, which remains fixed on his first love, Lucy Saville. He comforts himself during his unhappy marriage to a dominating and wilful woman by meditating on the beauties of Lucy's face, reminding himself of ‘the Raffaelesque oval of its contour’ by paying her a visit (103) and projecting a ‘gaze’ of longing on to the curl of smoke which rises from her chimney ‘as from a fire new kindled’ (117) at the very moment that his wife's body lies believed drowned upon his bed. His wife, however, recovers as a result of his dutiful attentions and proceeds to live just long enough for Lucy to marry the bereaved Mr Downe and thus remain inaccessible to Mr Barnet, who returns after an interval of twenty-one years to find her once more free to marry. She at first refuses him, changing her mind too late to prevent his disappearing for ever unsatisfied. The irony is that Mr Downe is blessed with two marvellous wives whom he takes almost for granted. Possession once more reduces desire, which survives in his fellow-townsman only through perpetual frustration.

Marriage and desire are portrayed throughout the Wessex Tales as mutually incompatible. Farmer Charles Darton, for instance, who congratulates himself at the beginning of ‘Interlopers at the Knap’ on his resolve to do the sensible thing and marry the good-hearted Sally in place of the superior Helena, the first object of his affections, soon finds his old desire reawakened when he encounters Helena in Sally's house wearing the dress he had bought for Sally to marry in. Sally discovers them with their eyes ‘fixed’ upon each other, the farmer unable to stop ‘looking at Helena's dress and outline, and listening to her voice like a man in a dream’ (163-5). None of the three participants in this scene knows, at this stage, how the other two relate to each other. It transpires that Helena has married Sally's brother, who has returned from Australia to die. This, of course, leaves Helena free to marry the farmer, only for him to find the reality of marriage an inevitable disappointment, a pale reflection of the delights of desire.

The last of the Wessex Tales, ‘The Distracted Preacher’, plays with the struggle in the mind of a Wesleyan minister between the delights of the erotic and the demands of his conscience. This ‘lovable youth, who won upon his female hearers as soon as they saw and heard him’ (183), is delighted to find that his widowed landlady, whose first entrance is announced by a provocative ‘rustle of garments’, is

a fine and extremely well-made young woman, with dark hair, a wide, sensible, beautiful forehead, eyes that warmed him before he knew it, and a mouth that was in itself a picture to all appreciative souls.

(185)

He does not see much of his ‘enkindling landlady’ since she limits her availability in the deliberate hope of increasing his interest. But the fact that she refers in a slip of the tongue to her ‘first husband’ makes it clear even to the minister that she ‘had thought pretty frequently of a second’ (191). He spends a ‘titillating fortnight’ being allowed only the occasional glimpse of her ‘seductive eyes’. Too often, for his taste, there is ‘no Lizzy Newberry and no sweet temptations’ (192-4). Excited by the mystery of her night-time absences and an independence of manner which ‘would have kept from flagging the passion of a far more mutable man’ (203), he eventually discovers that she is involved in smuggling.

The combination of drink, sex and smuggling proves irresistible. It is symbolised in a scene in which the young widow offers to cure the minister's cold by uncovering a secret supply of liquor under the singing-gallery of the church, and they refill the keg with water which he sucks from her ‘pretty lips’ by means of the pressure produced by alternately squeezing and releasing the keg. He even accompanies her on a mission during which their cheeks come into accidental contact as they peer out at the Customs men from their concealed position. His conscience finally forces him to demand that she cease her smuggling if she is to become his wife. The reader is given alternative endings: that of the magazine, in which she gives up smuggling in order to become a dutiful minister's wife and that, according to a footnote added to the collected version, which ‘would have been preferred by the writer’, in which she sticks to her smuggling. The latter ending certainly captures the spirit in which the whole story is told, the mischievous delight in the sweetness of sin and the impossibility of reconciling the dutiful and the erotic.

None of these macabre stories is ‘realistic’ at the level of plot or characterisation. They are not long enough to prepare readers for the melodramatic twists with which they are filled. But in terms of the vagaries of desire, the absence of what conventional criticism would call ‘convincing’ and ‘coherent’ characterisation becomes a virtue. Acting upon impulse in response to uncontrollable drives, the protagonists of these tales perform the most extraordinary antics, all of which serve to demonstrate the absurdity and unpredictability of human emotions. Hardy abandons realism for a more complex ‘reality’ beyond the reach of conscious control.

A GROUP OF NOBLE DAMES

Hardy himself described A Group of Noble Dames as ‘rather a frivolous piece of work’ written ‘in a sort of desperation during a fit of low spirits’ (CL I [The Collected Letters of Thomas Hardy, Volume 1]: 239). The stories are supposedly narrated by the ancient male members of the Wessex Antiquarian Club, who seem to regard the subjects of their stories as of little more interest than the stuffed birds, deformed butterflies and prehistoric dung-mixens which form their surroundings. They interrupt from time to time to comment on the subtlety of their ‘psychological studies’ and on ‘the dreamy and impulsive nature of woman’ (GND [A Group of Noble Dames]: 131). But they are clearly unreliable as narrators, providing an ironic reflection of the main themes of the collection, the irrationality of desire and the conflict between passion and convention. The noble dames themselves, so much more vital than the antiquarian members, can be seen as victims of social rules, in particular of marriage. They retain a certain fascination, distanced as they are both by time and by class from most of their lovers and most of their readers (Brady, 1982: 51-3, 93). They also illustrate many of the erotic features noticed in Hardy's earlier work, in particular the perversity of desire, its construction of illusory images which are all too easily displaced.

‘Barbara of the House of Grebe’ is perhaps the best-known of these stories, partly because of the attack launched upon it by T.S. Eliot, who saw it as a vivid illustration of the entry of the diabolic into modern literature (Eliot, 1934: 58). Its heroine, like the archaeologist in Thomas Mann's much-analysed Gradiva, falls in love with a statue, that Lacanian symbol of objectified desire. She begins the tale ‘a good and pretty girl’ but then elopes with the impoverished Edmond Willowes, who has little to recommend him apart from his looks. Sir John and Lady Grebe accept the married couple only on condition that the husband undertake a continental tour to remedy some of the defects of his education and it is on this trip, heroically rescuing others from a fire in Venice, that he becomes so badly disfigured that his wife cannot repress the horror she feels on seeing him, reproach herself though she does for being a ‘slave to mere eyesight’ (GND: 63).

The unwanted husband disappears and dies, only for a statue commissioned on his tour to be sent on to the now remarried Barbara. She falls hopelessly in love all over again, forgetting the ‘mutilated features’ of the real man in favour of the perfect beauty of his image. ‘What are you doing?’ demands her second husband, Lord Uplandtowers, discovering her ‘lost in reverie’ before the statue. ‘I am looking at my husb—my statue,’ she stammers in parapractic reply (67), for this is the image she married. Enshrining the statue in a secret recess of her boudoir, she steals there in the middle of the night and is seen by her husband

standing with her arms clasped tightly round the neck of Edmond, and her mouth on his. The shawl which she had thrown round her night-clothes had slipped from her shoulders, and her long white robe and pale face lent her the blanched appearance of a second statue embracing the first.

(69)

Two images intertwine in utterly ‘unreal’ relationship testifying only...

0 Thoughts to “Fellow Townsmen Analysis Essay

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *